- New EY ITEM Club forecast upgrades expected 2021 UK GDP growth to 7.6% – fastest growth since 1941.
- Improved growth forecast prompted by vaccines roll-out, expectations of a bounce-back in consumer spending and supportive macroeconomic policy.
- But uncertainty remains over inflation prospects – expected to reach 3.5% by the end of the year – and how far consumers will tap into pandemic savings.
The UK’s economic growth prospects have again been upgraded in the latest EY ITEM Club forecast. With COVID-19 restrictions lifting and the vaccines roll-out continuing to make progress, the EY ITEM Club Summer Forecast says the economy is now expected to grow 7.6% this year – the fastest rate of growth since 1941 – rather than the 6.8% predicted in April’s Spring Forecast.
This is the second successive upgrade for the 2021 GDP forecast and means the economy is now expected to return to its pre-pandemic peak by the end of 2021 – two quarters sooner than expected in April and almost three years earlier than appeared likely in the 2020 Summer Forecast.
Growth of 6.5% is now expected in 2022, an improvement from the 5% growth forecast in April. This will be followed by growth of 2.1% in 2023 and 1.6% in 2024. Quarter-on-quarter growth in 2021’s second quarter is expected to clock in at 5.1%, followed by growth of 3.2% in the third quarter and 1.9% growth in the fourth.
Andrew Dann, EY’s Channel Islands Managing Partner, says: “While some elements of the forecast remain uncertain, the UK has all the ingredients for a strong economic recovery from the pandemic, which is positive news for Guernsey and Jersey. In the Channel Islands, the financial services sector has remained resilient over the last 18 months. This was largely due to the technology being in place to provide accessibility.
“After almost 18 months of significant disruption, businesses are beginning to have some space to plan ahead and invest with confidence. This could help businesses catch-up on the growth they’ve missed out on if they take the right steps to adjust to a return to a more familiar business environment. Many businesses are reassessing their operation models. As a result of the pandemic, as a firm, we have shifted to a hybrid working model, which builds upon our flexible working policy to further support the wellbeing of our people, as well as continuing to meet the needs and expectations of our clients.”
Vaccines a key factor in driving improved forecast
The EY ITEM Club says that the UK’s improving growth forecast is being driven by evidence of a strong bounce back in consumer spending as the economy has re-opened – supported by an estimated £200bn of consumer savings accumulated during the pandemic – and continued support from loose fiscal and monetary policy. The economy’s resilience during the first quarter’s lockdown has also helped the forecast, in addition to the speed of the vaccines roll-out, which has allowed more flexibility in the reopening of the services sector.
Meanwhile, the EY ITEM Club says the delay to lifting the remaining legal COVID-19 restrictions until 19 July is unlikely to have had a significant impact on economic growth.
Martin Beck, the senior economic advisor to the EY ITEM Club, says: “Compared to other economies, the UK is much more dependent on consumer spending on services, such as recreation and leisure activities, which meant that lockdowns had a greater economic impact here than elsewhere. Reopening these face-to-face parts of the economy means the UK should have a correspondingly faster recovery.
“Vaccines have played a key role in bringing forward the reopening of the economy and have been a key factor in the upgrades of the forecast throughout this year. We are also seeing some structural effects too: the UK’s way of measuring public sector spending means this will soon switch from being a drag on output to a positive, while the restrictions on international travel mean there should be much less of a tourism deficit than usual.”
Mr Dann added: “We are fortunate in the Channel Islands to have successful vaccine programmes and should see similar positive outcomes on consumer spending, particularly for tourism.”
Consumer spending, inflation and return of restrictions are the key unknowns
The EY ITEM Club says that uncertainty over inflation and consumers’ appetite to draw on substantial savings built up during lockdowns is a key risk to the forecast. And, while the economy has proven increasingly resilient through lockdowns, the future pattern of the pandemic and any renewed pandemic-related restrictions will have a significant bearing on whether the forecast is achieved.
With June seeing a faster-than-expected rise in prices, the EY ITEM Club is now forecasting Consumer Price Inflation to reach 3.5% by the end of 2021 before falling again in 2022. Consumer spending is expected to rise 4.8% in 2021 and 7.4% in 2022, which would be the highest annual rise since 1945.
Martin Beck adds: “While consumers have accumulated their largest stockpile of savings since the Second World War, the big question is whether they will actually start to spend these funds once restrictions on activity are lifted. The assumption is that they will, but this is not guaranteed. The picture for consumers is not entirely positive: savings are concentrated among higher-income households, while higher unemployment and inflation will weigh on real income growth. Household incomes are expected to rise 1% in real terms this year, which is well short of forecast GDP growth.
“The risks posed to the forecast by inflation can’t be overlooked either, particularly if prolonged higher-than-target inflation prompts the Bank of England to tighten monetary policy. However, while the departure of overseas workers from the UK during the pandemic might lead to some inflationary bottlenecks, there are factors, such as a stronger pound, which will help keep a lid on prices. Positively, the ingredients which were often a precursor to sustained higher inflation in the past do seem to be missing.”
Outlooks for employment and business investment remain positive
The EY ITEM Club forecasts that the unemployment rate will rise in the second half of the year, peaking at 5.1% before falling back to 4.6% in 2022.
Mr Dann concludes: “In the Channel Islands we are in a more favourable position than the UK. Over recent months, we are continuing to see a decline in unemployment numbers and an increase in job opportunities, which will all have a positive impact on local consumer spending.”